Genital warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which is spread via skin-to-skin contact, normally during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. HPV has no fewer than 100 types, of which 40 cause genital warts, but the biggest culprits are HPV 6 and HPV 11.
Genital warts in women are typically found in or around the vagina, on the thighs, or around the anus and could be small and pink or whiter and risen and in certain cases, cara mengobati kanker serviks are grouped and from clusters. Certain types of the human papillomavirus infect the anogenital tract and cause cervical cancer; however, they are not the strains that cause genital warts. Diagnosing the infection is done by a physician who conducts visual examination of the genital area and internal examination of the vagina or the anus. In some cases, he might also take a small sample (biopsy) from a wart and send it to a laboratory for testing.
Various treatments are available, but it is important to understand that they only take care of the visible signs and symptoms of the infection, while the virus remains in the body. The most commonly used treatments are topical and while some of them are safe to apply by the patients themselves at home, others are applied only by medical staff since they carry the risk of burning the skin and leaving scars. The podophyllin solution 10-25% is applied to the warts for no longer than six weeks, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 80-90% is used in a similar fashion, and podofilox solution 0.5% is applied once or twice per day for three days, which is followed by four days of non-treatment. Almost all these methods are quite successful at reducing or removing the warts, but some recurrence is to be expected. A few herbal and natural solutions and remedies have been long used too and great success has been reported by the majority of women that have tried them. Other methods such as surgical excision, laser ablation, and electrocauterization are also used and have lower recurrence rate than the topical treatments, but also require visits to a clinic and have longer recovery time.
Genital warts in women are contracted after skin-to-skin contact, therefore using condoms offers some, but not complete protection. The best possible way to avoid getting infected with the human papillomavirus is by abstaining from sex or practicing monogamy. Vaccine for young women is offered in almost all of the developed countries and is highly recommended that women be vaccinated since the vaccine protects not only against HPV 6 and 11, but also against the HPV 16, 18, which cause cervical cancer.
If you see small warts or clusters in the genital area or on the thighs, you should visit your doctor as soon as possible – although the virus strains that cause the genital warts in women are considered low risk, you stand a better chance of clearing them if you commence the treatment before the warts spread to a larger area. Follow your doctor’s instructions, abstain from sex during the treatment, and limit the number of your sexual partners in the future.